TREMOLO (TRINEO) AND VARIATIONS
Presented here you will find 3 advanced versions of Indita Mía and a page of right hand variations. It is assumed that you have played all four versions of Indita Mía presented on the full solo page. On this page, we take the previous arrangements and add tremolo (trineo).
This technique is used when a note is longer than a quarter note and should be sustained. It is achieved by alternating the thumb and fingers collectively, that is, all the fingers play their respective note at the same time. The chord is NOT rolled. It can also be between the thumb and an individual finger, be it thumb alternating with the index finger (thirds - as in these versions), the thumb alternating with the middle finger (sixths - as in two of the variations), or the thumb alternating with the ring finger (octaves). Other variations include the thumb alternating with the middle and little fingers together (sixth plus octave), the thumb alternating with the index and ring fingers together (third plus octave), or the thumb alternating with the index, middle and ring fingers collectively (third, sixth and octave simultaneously).
There are two types of trineo/tremolo appropriate for Jalisco style playing. Measured or metered tremolo where the alternation is in meter (.i.e. all sixteenth notes), and unmeasured/unmetered tremolo where the thumb alternates with the collective fingers as fast as possible. Metered tremolo is slightly easier and is appropriate for many songs, particularly songs in quicker tempos. Unmetered tremolo is more difficult, and works well for slower, more expressive songs.
Several other options exist in the harping world for sustaining notes and chords. In Michoacán there is a very similar style where the right hand is actually shaken such that the nails on the right hand engage the strings on both the up and down stroke, giving a very fast and full tremolo. It is a regional variation and is not addresses here. Another very common method of sustaining a chord is to repeatedly roll the chord by playing first your ring finger, followed by the middle finger, followed by the index finger, and finally the thumb, and immediately starting over again with the ring finger, etc. (R M I T R M I T R M I T). This pattern can also be started on the thumb, so as to bring out the melody (T R M I T R M I T R M I T...) While very beautiful, and easier than the alternating technique explained above, This style should be used sparingly. Excessive use of this style and exclusion of the above mentioned style collectively impart a decidedly non-Mexican musical accent.
I have written these songs with metered tremolo, and actually written the tremolo out, which is NOT normally done). Learn them with metered tremolo. It will be enough of a challenge. Within a short amount of time and practice, your hand will be able to play unmetered tremolo, and you can let the song and your mood dictate which to use.
Version 1 is an advanced solo, with a single note style of bass lines and 2 note left hand chords, with trineo. link
Version 2 is the same, but with left hand octaves and 3 note left hand chords, plus trineo. link
Version 3 has only octaves in the bass for the left hand, for when a guitar/vihuela is playing the chords, with trineo. link
variations is a page of inversions of the melody in different registers (octaves); sixths, sixth plus octave, and four-note chords. These variations can be used by a solo performer, or can be used by two or more harpers playing together, where one harper plays thirds, another harper plays sixths, and yet another harper might play in a higher register. link
back to the full solo page
Right hand techniques page